Cardiomyopathy is a type of heart disease that affects how the heart works, making it difficult to pump enough blood to meet the body's needs. It can cause serious complications and can even be fatal if left untreated. In India, cardiomyopathy affects around three per cent of adults and is the leading cause of sudden cardiac death in those aged between 15 and 35.
There are several types of cardiomyopathy, all with unique symptoms and treatment options. These include dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), which is most common in India; hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM); restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM); arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC); and takotsubo (stress-induced) cardiomyopathy.
It's important for patients to understand each type of cardiomyopathy, as this will help them to identify any signs or symptoms they may be experiencing and seek appropriate medical attention. Understanding the condition will also allow them to make informed decisions about lifestyle modifications to help manage their condition.